The human body is no less than a complex machine that only works to its full capacity in case all the critical organs work in union. If any organ deviates from its usual operational path, it sends an invitation to several ailments. Different organs depend on one another, and defect in one will directly affect another one in due time. Thus, it is the responsibility of every individual to maintain the health and well-being of the entire body with regular exercise and proper diet.
What is blood pressure?
Circulation of oxygenated blood to all parts of the human body is crucial for its existence. It is the responsibility of the circulatory system, headed by the heart to pump blood in the farthest parts of the body. When the blood flows, it exerts some pressure against the walls of all blood vessels and arteries. This pressure is known as blood pressure in medical terms. The ideal blood pressure of a healthy person must be 120/80. In case the blood pressure is more than 120, then the person has high blood pressure or high BP. If the lowest pressure is below 80, then it is considered to be low blood pressure or low BP. In either case, the patient must take the necessary steps to prevent the worsening of the situation. High BP can lead to massive heart attacks or strokes while ignoring low BP will cause brain damage and fainting.
Symptoms of blood pressure
The blood pressure of any human remains static most of the time. Under some circumstances, it may show fluctuations. These are temporary and will pass once things get back to normalcy. But if the fluctuations persist, then it will become a disease. A patient suffering from blood pressure will have some symptoms. Here is a list that will help you to detect whether you have this condition or not.
1. Severe head pain – Head is the first body part that pays the price for high BP. People suffer from headaches that do not seem to subside. Pain killers offer momentary relief, but the nightmarish pain starts once the power of the medicine wears off. These headaches also lower your potential to work. Weakness meaning inability to participate in daily work due to lethargy is another burning sign of high BP.
2. Confusion or fatigue – Another sign of high and low BP is persistent fatigue or confusion. This happens when the force exerted on the brain nerves damage them. These start subtly but soon take on a horrific shape.
3. Problems in vision – The eyes have super-fine nerve endings and blood vessels. High BP will exert pressure against these arteries, and impair these permanently. The direct outcome of this will be vision problems. Patients, with blood pressure history, must not ignore eyesight issues, no matter how slight they seem to be. 4. Irregular heartbeat – As the high BP also affects the blood vessels and the walls of the heart, the erratic and fast heartbeat is another indicator of this ailment. If the person has accelerated heartbeat even when he/she is not doing any physical activity, then he/she requires medical assistance.
5. Pain in the chest – The blood vessels in the lungs, is also affected by high BP. If the BP is too high, then patients complain of chest pain. The pain can be mild to severe. In either case, immediate medical attention is a must. Mild chest pain can transform into a massive heart attack at any time.
6. Neck and shoulder heaviness – Another symptom of high and low BP is heaviness near the neck and shoulder area. The pain is subtle but continuous, which is a cause of discomfort. People, working on the computer will not be able to bow their heads down for long. They feel good if someone gives them a neck and shoulder massage. If ignored, the pain will increase.
7. Blood in urine – High blood pressure also exerts tremendous pressure on the walls of the urinary tracts. These walls have thin membranes, which will not be able to hold if the pressure crosses a certain level. As the urinary membranes rupture, blood will flow into the small intestine. Thus, patients, suffering from chronic high BP will find blood in their urine.
Pro-active measures to curb blood pressure
Proper lifestyle – Taking too much stress will increase blood pressure. The best way to keep this ailment at bay is to lead a normal and stress-free life. Keeping the body fit will also help in improving your lifestyle and immunity. Thus, losing the extra flab will come in handy.
Exercise and meditation – Involving in any form of exercise will increase the production of good hormones in the body. These will maintain normal blood pressure. Select a workout regime that is age and lifestyle appropriate. To strike a mental balance, you can opt to meditation. There are specific exercises in Yoga that offer miraculous results for patients with BP issues.
Eating healthy food – Diet also plays an important part in maintaining your blood pressure. Nutritionists stress on the consumption of fresh veggies and seasonal fruits. Cutting down on fried and sweet food items, aerated drinks and alcohol will also lower BP fluctuations.
Medicine for controlling BP – Some patients have to take pills for neutralizing their BP. Take these pills as per the guidelines of a medical professional. Missing the dosage may trigger the BP to rise suddenly.
Limit caffeine – Heavy tea and coffee will also worsen the high BP situation. It is best to consume these beverages twice daily. More than two cups of tea or coffee will aggravate the blood pressure issues.
People of any age can be diagnosed with blood pressure. With proper care and restraint, it can be easily controlled. If anything seems to be out of hand, then taking a doctor’s appointment will set things in order.